Common Household Pests and How to Control Them

Pests are unwelcome guests in any home, bringing not only inconvenience but also potential health risks. Understanding the common household pests and effective control measures can help maintain a safe and comfortable living environment. Here are some of the most common pests you might encounter and tips on how to control them.

1. Ants

Identification: Ants are small, social insects that often invade homes in search of food. They typically travel in lines and can be seen around kitchens, pantries, and other food sources.

Control Methods:

  • Cleanliness: Keep kitchen surfaces clean and store food in airtight containers.
  • Seal Entry Points: Block cracks and crevices where ants can enter.
  • Baiting: Use ant baits to attract and eliminate entire colonies.

2. Cockroaches

Identification: Cockroaches are nocturnal insects that hide in dark, moist areas during the day. They are known for their resilience and can be found in kitchens, bathrooms, and basements.

Control Methods:

  • Sanitation: Regularly clean and remove food debris, especially in kitchen areas.
  • Exclusion: Seal gaps around doors, windows, and pipes.
  • Professional Treatment: Use professional-grade insecticides and bait stations for severe infestations.

3. Rodents (Rats and Mice)

Identification: Rodents are larger pests that can cause significant damage by gnawing on wires, insulation, and food supplies. They are often found in attics, basements, and kitchens.

Control Methods:

  • Traps: Use snap traps, glue traps, or live traps to capture rodents.
  • Rodent Proofing: Seal holes and gaps in walls, floors, and foundations.
  • Baiting: Use rodenticides in tamper-proof bait stations.

4. Termites

Identification: Termites are small, wood-eating insects that can cause severe structural damage. They are often detected by the presence of mud tubes or damaged wood.

Control Methods:

  • Moisture Control: Reduce moisture levels around the home by fixing leaks and ensuring proper drainage.
  • Barrier Treatments: Apply chemical barriers around the foundation to prevent termite entry.
  • Professional Inspection: Regularly inspect and treat for termites with professional services.

5. Spiders

Identification: Spiders are arachnids that can be beneficial by eating other pests, but some species can be venomous. They are commonly found in dark, undisturbed areas like basements, attics, and closets.

Control Methods:

  • Reduce Clutter: Keep areas clean and free of clutter where spiders can hide.
  • Seal Entry Points: Close gaps around doors, windows, and other entry points.
  • Insecticides: Use insecticides in areas where spiders are frequently seen.

6. Mosquitoes

Identification: Mosquitoes are flying insects known for their itchy bites and ability to transmit diseases. They breed in stagnant water and are most active at dusk and dawn.

Control Methods:

  • Eliminate Standing Water: Remove or regularly change water in birdbaths, flowerpots, and gutters.
  • Screens and Nets: Use window screens and bed nets to prevent mosquito entry.
  • Repellents: Apply insect repellents on skin and clothing.


Keeping your home pest-free requires vigilance and proactive measures. By understanding the habits and control methods for common household pests, you can protect your home and family from unwanted invaders. For persistent or severe infestations, consider seeking professional pest control services to ensure effective and lasting solutions.

Feel free to reach out to Pestmart Management Sdn. Bhd. for expert advice and comprehensive pest control solutions tailored to your needs. Our team is dedicated to maintaining a safe and healthy environment for you and your family.

31 Mar 2024